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Epidemiology - What is That?

The majority of people have no clue what Epidemiology is or what an Epidemiologist might do. Merriam-Webster dictionary defines Epidemiology as a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population.

Our Epidemiology team at Jackson-Madison County Regional Health Department is working hard with our community partners daily to ensure our community's health is our top priority. Prevention, protection, and surveillance are what we strive to perfect. Listed below are some activities that we participate in to achieve our motto of "Working toward a Healthy Community."

Syndromic Surveillance

The CDC states that public health surveillance is the systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health data on an ongoing basis, to gain knowledge of the pattern of disease occurrence and potential in a community, in order to control and prevent disease in the community. We in Jackson-Madison County are conducting syndromic surveillance on a daily basis to help target and prevent any potential cases and follow up with investigations if need be.

FoodNet Program

The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) is the principal foodborne disease component of CDC's Emerging Infections Program (EIP). FoodNet is a collaborative project of the CDC, ten EIP sites (one of which is Tennessee), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

The project consists of active surveillance for foodborne diseases and related epidemiologic studies designed to help public health officials better understand the epidemiology of foodborne diseases in the United States.